Exceptionally Capable Heart Valve Tester from the Market Leader
Dynatek Labs is proud to offer the M6™ Heart Valve Durability Tester, the industry benchmark for over 30 years. The benchtop M6™ is a powerful platform for replacement heart valve durability protocols that form a critical component of heart valve feasibility testing, design verification and validation.
Powerful Versatility in a Compact Unit
The M6™ can evaluate the widest range of heart valve-related devices for durability and failure mode analysis or testing to failure:
• Heart Valves
• Septal Defect Closures
• Artificial Heart Bladders
• Intra-aortic Balloons
• Transcatheter Valves
Intuitive Design replicates In Vivo Cardiac Hemodynamic Conditions
The M6™ features a clear acrylic flow chamber with six custom-designed valve test chambers that host the valve test samples. The valve test chambers are radially arranged beneath the upper flow reservoir and each is served by a single channel that directs the test fluid to the valve. The upper and lower heads, the test valve chambers and the fluid supply channels are CNC-machined from a substantial block of clear cast acrylic offering complete visibility of fluid flow and sample status at all times. Silicone O-rings ensure that the valve test chambers remain completely leak-proof.
Below each valve chamber is one bellows made of a proprietary alloy that is mated to each valve test chamber with a silicone O-ring seal. The bellows sit on the pistonless swash plate drive system. As the swash plate moves up and down, the bellows are compressed or extended causing fluid to flow through each valve test chamber. This allows for test fluid to be driven into the valve test chambers, enabling durability testing of the test valve in each chamber.
Cardiovascular implants — Cardiac valve prostheses — Part 1: General requirements
Cardiovascular implants — Cardiac valve prostheses — Part 2: Surgically implanted heart valve substitutes
Cardiovascular implants — Cardiac valve prostheses — Part 3: Heart valve substitutes implanted by transcatheter techniques
Cardiovascular implants and extracorporeal systems — Vascular device-drug combination products — Part 1: General requirements
Innovative Test Chamber Design
The M6’s test chambers are machined from a solid block of acrylic. These test chambers are always custom-made, based on the user’s heart valve design. Unlike competitive heart valve testers, the M6’s test chambers do not move; instead, the test fluid moves through the chamber, just like blood moves through the heart. Advantage: since there is no reciprocating movement of the chambers, there is no possibility of leakage of fluid around the test chambers due to leaking sliding seals.
The M6’s test chambers are sequentially pressurized, which means that the failure of a heart valve in one chamber does not lead to significant pressure fluctuations in other test chambers or worse, the shutdown of the whole unit. The M6 is the only heart valve tester in the world that utilizes this principle, known as tuned fluid oscillation. This allows the heart valves to be opened and closed fully while attaining targeted closing pressures in the most biologically relevant way.
Of greater importance is the single fluid reservoir (upper head) that insures that all valves are fed identically. This is vital to insure that each valve is tested under identical fluid dynamic conditions. This is a requirement of all heart valve testing standards and cannot be attained by any “individually tuned” testers.
Visualization of Valve Performance
The M6 is an accelerated heart valve durability and fatigue tester and one of its advantages is the ability for the user to easily visualize and confirm the movement of the valve being tested.
ISO 5840 requires visual observation of the test valve at regular and frequent intervals such as daily or weekly. The entire upper head, lower head and all test chambers are made of clear, machined acrylic, allowing you to view both the top and sides of the test valves conveniently.
All test chambers (and therefore the test valves) are stationary in the M6, and you can conveniently use a video camera on a tripod or a stroboscope to easily follow the motion of the valve.
In competitive testers where the test chamber itself is moving up and down at high speeds, it is very difficult to visually follow the test valve’s performance with a stroboscope or a high-speed camera, preventing the user from obtaining visual data mandated by ISO.
Negligible Long Term Maintenance Costs
Since the M6 does not use moving test chambers, it does not have moving parts such as sliding seals, gears, and piston arms, and its maintenance costs are negligible, compared to competitive units that have many more parts that are moving. The M6 has a swashplate that compresses the bellows under each test chamber, loading every valve in serial fashion, without the need for sliding seals and gears.
When you’re going to run a 400 million-cycle durability test, you want to make sure that you have an absolutely reliable machine like the M6 that will not break down in the middle of a test. With the M6 you just can’t go wrong, since it now comes with a 10-year limited warranty, the longest such warranty in the industry!
Dynatek Labs Model M6 Product Specification
|Test capacity||2-6 valve samples|
|Valve test chamber||6||design based on customer requirements|
|Valve test chamber material||Acrylic||for full visibility of valve status at all times|
|Sample type||Tissue and Mechanical Heart Valves, Septal Defect Closures, Artificial Heart Bladders, Membranes/sheets, Sutures/clips; Intra-aortic balloons, Percutaneously-delivered Valves|
|Motor||¼ hp DC|
|Volume capacity||1-2 liters|
|Measured parameters||Cycle count, frequency, pressure, temperature|
|Fluid temperature||25º to 40ºC|
|Temperature accuracy||±0.3ºC of set temperature|
|Speed||Up to 33Hz|
|Speed control||Closed loop feedback type||user adjustable|
|Temperature control||Microprocessor based with RTD sensor|
|Working fluid||PBS, water, blood analog|
|Pressure transducers||Two optional, up to 12||one each for inflow and outflow|
|Back pressure on test valve||User adjustable via Throttle Valve|
|Pump type||Pistonless Swashplate, adjustable, with bellows|
|Controller||Dynatek Universal Controller with proprietary software|
|Software||Monitors and controls speed, temperature, systemic pressure
Calculates 95/5 closing pressure requirement
|Capacitance tank||2 liters capacity, to provide air-water interface between the Controller and the M6|
|Dimensions||12” Dia. X 22.5” H|
|Power requirement||115 AC|
|Weight||72 lbs, dry|
“Custom test sections can be made for mechanical, tissue, stentless and percutaneous heart valves and for testing biomaterials.” – More
Dynatek’s new Universal Controller is a powerful controller that has been redesigned to control and monitor Dynatek’s six position M6 Heart Valve Tester.
Although the monitoring and control aspects of the UC are impressive, perhaps of equal or greater importance is the time saved setting up or monitoring the “95/5” requirements for the closing pressure of each valve.
The UC can accept 12 pressure transducers, two for every position in the M6. When using all 12 transducers, each valve can be tested simply by choosing each sequentially – no need to change the position of the transducer after each valve is checked.
Cart for the M6
Determining the Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Unfixed Human Heart Valves: Effect of the Properties and Geometry of the Recipient Synthetic Aorta James C. Conti,1,2 Elaine R Strope,1 Donald J. Rohde,1 Richard Carp,1 Steven Kulan,3 1 Dynatek Dalta Scientific...
Design Considerations for the In Vitro Testing of Cardiovascular Prosthesis Elaine R. Strope, Ph.D. Dynatek Laboratories, Inc. Abstract: Prosthetic cardiovascular devices are unique in that, in addition to the requirement of functioning for nearly a billion cycles or...
Presentation: Thank you Dr. Gabbay, Dr. Mueller, and thank you for inviting me to this gathering. I am excited and hope that this opens up a new wave of interest in in-vitro durability testing. The usefulness of experimental data is of course dependent upon the...